Enabling trace logs

geckodriver provides different bands of logs for different audiences. The most important log entries are shown to everyone by default, and these include which port geckodriver provides the WebDriver API on, as well as informative warnings, errors, and fatal exceptions.

The different log bands are, in ascending bandwidth:

  1. fatal is reserved for exceptional circumstances when geckodriver or Firefox cannot recover. This usually entails that either one or both of the processes will exit.
  2. error messages are mistakes in the program code which it is possible to recover from.
  3. warn shows warnings of more informative nature that are not necessarily problems in geckodriver. This could for example happen if you use the legacy desiredCapabilities/requiredCapabilities objects instead of the new alwaysMatch/firstMatch structures.
  4. info (default) contains information about which port geckodriver binds to, but also all messages from the lower-bandwidth levels listed above.
  5. config additionally shows the negotiated capabilities after matching the alwaysMatch capabilities with the sequence of firstMatch capabilities.
  6. debug is reserved for information that is useful when programming.
  7. trace, where in addition to itself, all previous levels are included. The trace level shows all HTTP requests received by geckodriver, packets sent to and from the remote protocol in Firefox, and responses sent back to your client.

In other words this means that the configured level will coalesce entries from all lower bands including itself. If you set the log level to error, you will get log entries for both fatal and error. Similarly for trace, you will get all the logs that are offered.

To help debug a problem with geckodriver or Firefox, the trace-level output is vital to understand what is going on. This is why we ask that trace logs are included when filing bugs gainst geckodriver. It is only under very special circumstances that a trace log is not needed, so you will normally find that our first action when triaging your issue will be to ask you to include one. Do yourself and us a favour and provide a trace-level log right away.

To silence geckodriver altogether you may for example either redirect all output to append to some log files:

% geckodriver >>geckodriver.log 2>>geckodriver.err.log

Or a black hole somewhere:

% geckodriver >/dev/null 2>&1

The log level set for geckodriver is propagated to the Marionette logger in Firefox. Marionette is the remote protocol that geckodriver uses to implement WebDriver. This means enabling trace logs for geckodriver will also implicitly enable them for Marionette.

The log level is set in different ways. Either by using the --log <LEVEL> option, where LEVEL is one of the log levels from the list above, or by using the -v (for debug) or -vv (for trace) shorthands. For example, the following command will enable trace logs for both geckodriver and Marionette:

% geckodriver -vv

The second way of setting the log level is through capabilities. geckodriver accepts a Mozila-specific configuration object in moz:firefoxOptions. This JSON Object, which is further described in the README can hold Firefox-specific configuration, such as which Firefox binary to use, additional preferences to set, and of course which log level to use.

Each client has its own way of specifying capabilities, and some clients include “helpers” for providing browser-specific configuration. It is often advisable to use these helpers instead of encoding the JSON Object yourself because it can be difficult to get the exact details right, but if you choose to, it should look like this:

{"moz:firefoxOptions": {"log": {"level": "trace"}}}

Note that most known WebDriver clients, such as those provided by the Selenium project, do not expose a way to actually see the logs unless you redirect the log output to a particular file (using the method shown above) or let the client “inherit” geckodriver’s output, for example by redirecting the stdout and stderr streams to its own. The notable exceptions are the Python and Ruby bindings, which surface geckodriver logs in a remarkable easy and efficient way.

See the client-specific documentation below for the most idiomatic way to enable trace logs in your language. We want to expand this documentation to cover all the best known clients people use with geckodriver. If you find your language missing, please consider submitting a patch.


The Selenium C# client comes with a FirefoxOptions helper for constructing the moz:firefoxOptions capabilities object:

FirefoxOptions options = new FirefoxOptions();
options.LogLevel =  FirefoxDriverLogLevel.Trace;
IWebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver(options);

The log output is directed to stdout.


The Selenium Java client also comes with a org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxOptions helper for constructing the moz:firefoxOptions capabilities object:

FirefoxOptions options = new FirefoxOptions();
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver(options);

As with C#, the log output is helpfully propagated to stdout.


The Selenium Python client comes with an selenium.webdriver.firefox.options.Options helper that can be used programmatically to construct the moz:firefoxOptions capabilities object:

from selenium.webdriver import Firefox
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.options import Options

opts = Options()
opts.log.level = "trace"
driver = Firefox(firefox_options=opts)

The log output is stored in a file called geckodriver.log in your script’s current working directory.


The Selenium Ruby client comes with an Options helper to generate the correct moz:firefoxOptions capabilities object:

Selenium::WebDriver.logger.level = :debug
opts = Selenium::WebDriver::Firefox::Options.new(log_level: :trace)
driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :firefox, options: opts