=================================== Hybrid Content Telemetry (obsolete) =================================== Hybrid content is web content that is loaded as part of Firefox, appears as part of Firefox to the user and is primarily intended to be used in Firefox. This can be either a page that ships with Firefox or that can be loaded dynamically from our hosted services. Hybrid content telemetry allows Mozilla pages to check whether data collection is enabled and to submit Telemetry data. .. important:: Every new or changed data collection in Firefox (including hybrid content) needs a `data collection review `__ from a Data Steward. The recorded data will be sent to Mozilla servers by Firefox, if the collection is enabled, with the :doc:`main-ping <../data/main-ping>`. Adding content data collection ============================== Telemetry can be sent from web content by: 1. granting the web content's host privileges in the Firefox codebase; 2. including the ``HybridContentTelemetry-lib.js`` file in the page; 3. registering the probes after the library is loaded; 4. using the API to send Telemetry. Granting the privileges ----------------------- For security/privacy reasons `Mozilla.ContentTelemetry` will only work on a list of allowed secure origins. The list of allowed origins can be found in `browser/app/permissions `_ . A host needs to be given the ``hc_telemetry`` permission in order to be allowed to use the API. Example: :: origin hc_telemetry 1 https://discovery.addons.mozilla.org Adding an entry to the ``permissions`` file requires riding the trains. If "go-faster" content requires granting permissions to a Mozilla page, it can do so by using the `permission manager `_ .. code-block:: js function addonInit() { // The following code must be called before attempting to load a page that uses // hybrid content telemetry on https://example.mozilla.org. let principal = Services.scriptSecurityManager.createContentPrincipalFromOrigin("https://example.mozilla.org"); Services.perms.addFromPrincipal(principal, "hc_telemetry", Services.perms.ALLOW_ACTION); } function addonCleanup() { // The permission must be removed if no longer needed (e.g. the add-on is shut down). let principal = Services.scriptSecurityManager.createContentPrincipalFromOrigin("https://example.mozilla.org"); Services.perms.removeFromPrincipal(principal, "hc_telemetry"); } .. important:: Granted permissions do not disappear when a "go-faster" add-on is uninstalled but are cleared when the browser is closed. If permissions need to be cleaned without closing the browser, it must be done manually. Moreover, permissions are keyed by origin: ``http://mozilla.com`` and ``https://mozilla.com`` are different things. Including the library --------------------- To use hybrid content telemetry the related content JS library needs to be included in the page. We have different integration options: * Add ``mozilla-hybrid-content-telemetry`` as a dependency to the project and require it in the code. * Load it directly from the `external unpkg CDN `_. * Manually fetch the latest version from the `main repository `_ and add it to the page repository. Then this file can be deployed along with the page. Example (manual inclusion): ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .. code-block:: html Example (NPM dependency): ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Add the dependency to your project: .. code-block:: shell npm install --save mozilla-hybrid-content-telemetry@1.0.0 In your app load the module and use the :ref:`API `: .. code-block:: js const ContentTelemetry = require("mozilla-hybrid-content-telemetry"); ContentTelemetry.registerEvents("page.interaction", { "click": { methods: ["click"], objects: ["red_button", "blue_button"], } }); // Now events can be recorded. ContentTelemetry.recordEvent("page.interaction", "click", "red_button"); .. note:: The following examples assume the manual inclusion of the JS library. Registering the probes ---------------------- Probe registration can happen at any time after the library is loaded in the page, but registering early enough ensures that the definition is available once a recording attempt is made. Example: .. code-block:: html Recording the data ------------------ Data recording can happen at any time after a probe has been registered. The data will be recorded and sent by Firefox if permitted by the Telemetry :doc:`preferences <../internals/preferences>`. Example: .. code-block:: html
Checking if upload is enabled ----------------------------- Mozilla pages can check if data upload is enabled, as reported by Telemetry :doc:`preferences <../internals/preferences>`. This is useful for pages which are not using Telemetry to collect data, but need to comply to our data policy for the collection. Example: .. code-block:: html
.. _the-api: The API ======= The hybrid content API is available to the web content through the inclusion of the `HybridContentTelemetry-lib.js `_ library. The initial implementation of the API allows the registration and the recording of events. JS API ------ Authorized content can use the following functions: .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.canUpload(); Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.initPromise(); Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.registerEvents(category, eventData); Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent(category, method, object, value, extra); These functions will not throw. If an unsupported operation is performed (e.g. recording an unknown event) an error will be logged to the browser console. .. note:: Data collected using this API will always respect the user Telemetry preferences: if a user has chosen to not send Telemetry data to Mozilla servers, Telemetry from hybrid content pages will not be sent either. Like other Telemetry data, it will still be recorded locally and available through ``about:telemetry``. ``Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.canUpload()`` ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.canUpload(); This function returns true if the browser is allowed to send collected data to Mozilla servers (i.e. ``datareporting.healthreport.uploadEnabled`` is ``true``), false otherwise. See :doc:`preferences <../internals/preferences>`. .. note:: The page should use this function to check if it is allowed to collect data. This is only needed in case the Telemetry system is not be being used for collection. If Telemetry is used, then this is taken care of internally by the Telemetry API. The page should not cache the returned value: users can opt in or out from the Data Collection at any time and so the returned value may change. Example: .. code-block:: js if (Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.canUpload()) { // ... perform the data collection here using another measurement system. } ``Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.initPromise()`` ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.initPromise(); This function returns a Promise that gets resolved as soon as Hybrid Content Telemetry is correctly initialized and the value from ``canUpload`` can be reliably read. The promise will reject if Hybrid Content Telemetry is disabled or the host doesn't have enough privileges to use the API. ``Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.registerEvents()`` ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.registerEvents(category, eventData); Register new dynamic events from the content. This accepts the same parameters and is subject to the same limitation as ``Services.telemetry.registerEvents()``. See the `events` documentation for the definitive reference. .. note:: Make sure to call this before recording events, as soon as the library is loaded (e.g. `window load event `_). This will make sure that the definition will be ready when recording. The data recorded into events registered with this function will end up in the ``dynamic`` process section of the main ping. Example: .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.registerEvents("page.interaction", { "click": { methods: ["click"], objects: ["red_button", "blue_button"], } }); // Now events can be recorded. Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent("page.interaction", "click", "red_button"); ``Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent()`` ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent(category, method, object, value, extra); Record a registered event. This accepts the same parameters and is subject to the same limitation as ``Services.telemetry.recordEvent()``. See the `events` documentation for the definitive reference. Example: .. code-block:: js Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent("ui", "click", "reload-btn"); // event: [543345, "ui", "click", "reload-btn"] Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent("ui", "search", "search-bar", "google"); // event: [89438, "ui", "search", "search-bar", "google"] Mozilla.ContentTelemetry.recordEvent("ui", "completion", "search-bar", "yahoo", {"querylen": "7", "results": "23"}); // event: [982134, "ui", "completion", "search-bar", "yahoo", // {"qerylen": "7", "results": "23"}] Data Review =========== Adding the ``hc_telemetry`` permission for a new domain in `browser/app/permissions `_ requires `Data Collection Review `_ as we are enabling a new method of data collection. Giving a domain permission to use Hybrid Content Telemetry also gives any Extensions running on this domain permission to use Hybrid Content Telemetry. If the domain is already on the `list of restricted domains `_ (configured by the ``extensions.webextensions.restrictedDomains`` preference), Extensions don't run on this domain and therefore cannot access the Hybrid Content Telemetry API. No additional approval is necessary. If the domain is not on that list, you need additional privacy review. In that case request help from the Telemetry team. Testing ======= In order to test Hybrid Content Telemetry integrations, the permission API can be used to enable certain hosts. The ``Services.perms.addFromPrincipal`` API is available in the Browser Console as well as in ``xpcshell`` and ``mochi`` tests with access to the ``Services.*`` APIs. The respective ``hc_telemetry`` permission needs to be set before any pages on that host load the ``HybridContentTelemetry-lib.js`` file. Manual testing -------------- After starting the browser, open the Browser Console (Tools -> Web Developer -> Browser Console). To enable Hybrid Content Telemetry on ``https://example.mozilla.org``, execute this code snippet in the console: .. code-block:: js let principal = Services.scriptSecurityManager.createContentPrincipalFromOrigin("https://example.mozilla.org"); Services.perms.addFromPrincipal(principal, "hc_telemetry", Services.perms.ALLOW_ACTION); Afterwards load the page on ``https://example.mozilla.org`` and it will be able to record Telemetry data. .. note:: Manual testing requires a host that handles HTTPS connections, as this kind of collection is only allowed on secure hosts. To allow for local testing, a local proxy capable of handling HTTPS connection is required. Automated testing ----------------- In test frameworks with privileged access the permission can be set in the ``head.js`` or during test setup. Add the code snippet in your ``head.js`` to enable Hybrid Content ContentTelemetry on ``https://example.mozilla.org``: .. code-block:: js let principal = Services.scriptSecurityManager.createContentPrincipalFromOrigin("https://example.mozilla.org"); Services.perms.addFromPrincipal(principal, "hc_telemetry", Services.perms.ALLOW_ACTION); Version History =============== - Firefox 59: Initial hybrid content telemetry support (`bug 1417473 `_). - Firefox 71: Hybrid Content Telemetry removed (`bug 1520491 `_).