WebPayments UI

User Interface for the WebPayments Payment Request API and Payment Handler API.

JSDoc style comments are used within the JS files of the component. This document will focus on higher-level and shared concepts.


Must Have Electrolysis

Web Payments does not work without e10s!


Set the pref dom.payments.loglevel to “Debug” to increase the verbosity of console messages.

Unprivileged UI Development

During development of the unprivileged custom elements, you can load the dialog over a file: URI or local server without even requiring a build. Simply load toolkit/components/payments/res/paymentRequest.xhtml in the browser. Use the debugging console to load sample data.

Debugging Console

To open the debugging console in the dialog, use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl-Alt-d (Ctrl-Option-d on macOS). While loading paymentRequest.xhtml directly in the browser, add ?debug=1 to have the debugging console open by default.

Debugging the unprivileged frame with the developer tools

To open a debugger in the context of the remote payment frame, click the “Debug frame” button in the debugging console.

Use the tabs variable in the Browser Content Toolbox’s console to access the frame contents. There can be multiple frames loaded in the same process so you will need to find the correct tab in the array by checking the file name is paymentRequest.xhtml (e.g. tabs[0].content.location).

Communication with the DOM

Communication from the DOM to the UI happens via the paymentUIService.js (implementing nsIPaymentUIService). The UI talks to the DOM code via the nsIPaymentRequestService interface.

Dialog Architecture

Privileged wrapper XHTML document (paymentDialogWrapper.xhtml) containing a remote <iframe mozbrowser="true" remote="true"> containing unprivileged XHTML (paymentRequest.xhtml). Keeping the dialog contents unprivileged is useful since the dialog will render payment line items and shipping options that are provided by web developers and should therefore be considered untrusted. In order to communicate across the process boundary a privileged frame script (paymentDialogFrameScript.js) is loaded into the iframe to relay messages. This is because the unprivileged document cannot access message managers. Instead, all communication across the privileged/unprivileged boundary is done via custom DOM events:

  • A paymentContentToChrome event is dispatched when the dialog contents want to communicate with the privileged dialog wrapper.
  • A paymentChromeToContent event is dispatched on the window with the detail property populated when the privileged dialog wrapper communicates with the unprivileged dialog.

These events are converted to/from message manager messages of the same name to communicate to the other process. The purpose of paymentDialogFrameScript.js is to simply convert unprivileged DOM events to/from messages from the other process.