Events

Across the different Firefox initiatives, there is a common need for a mechanism for recording, storing, sending & analysing application usage in an event-oriented format. Event Telemetry specifies a common events data format, which allows for broader, shared usage of data processing tools.

For events recorded into Firefox Telemetry we also provide an API that opaquely handles storage and submission to our servers.

Important

Every new data collection in Firefox needs a data collection review from a data collection peer. Just set the feedback? flag for one of the data peers. We try to reply within a business day.

Serialization format

Events are submitted as an array, e.g.:

[
  [2147, "ui", "click", "back_button"],
  [2213, "ui", "search", "search_bar", "google"],
  [2892, "ui", "completion", "search_bar", "yahoo",
    {"querylen": "7", "results": "23"}],
  [5434, "dom", "load", "frame", null,
    {"prot": "https", "src": "script"}],
  // ...
]

Each event is of the form:

[timestamp, category, method, object, value, extra]

Where the individual fields are:

  • timestamp: Number, positive integer. This is the time in ms when the event was recorded, relative to the main process start time.
  • category: String, identifier. The category is a group name for events and helps to avoid name conflicts.
  • method: String, identifier. This describes the type of event that occurred, e.g. click, keydown or focus.
  • object: String, identifier. This is the object the event occurred on, e.g. reload_button or urlbar.
  • value: String, optional, may be null. This is a user defined value, providing context for the event.
  • extra: Object, optional, may be null. This is an object of the form {"key": "value", ...}, both keys and values need to be strings. This is used for events where additional richer context is needed.

Limits

Each String marked as an identifier is restricted to the following regex pattern: ^[:alpha:][:alnum:_.]*[:alnum:]$.

For the Firefox Telemetry implementation, several fields are subject to limits:

  • category: Max. byte length is 30.
  • method: Max. byte length is 20.
  • object: Max. byte length is 20.
  • value: Max. byte length is 80.
  • extra: Max. number of keys is 10. - Each extra key name: Max. string length is 15. - Each extra value: Max. byte length is 80.

The YAML definition file

Any event recorded into Firefox Telemetry must be registered before it can be recorded. For any code that ships as part of Firefox that happens in Events.yaml.

The probes in the definition file are represented in a fixed-depth, three-level structure. The first level contains category names (grouping multiple events together), the second level contains event names, under which the events properties are listed. E.g.:

# The following is a category of events named "browser.ui".
browser.ui:
  click: # This is the event named "click".
    objects: ["reload-btn"] # List the objects for this event.
    description: >
      Describes this event in detail, potentially over
      multiple lines.
    # ... and more event properties.
  # ... and more events.
# This is the "dom" category.
search:
  # And the "completion" event.
  completion:
    # ...
    description: Recorded when a search completion suggestion was clicked.
    extra_keys:
      distance: The edit distance to the current search query input.
      loadtime: How long it took to load this completion entry.
  # ...

Category and probe names are subject to the limits and regex patterns specified above.

The following event properties are valid:

  • methods (optional, list of strings): The valid event methods. If not set this defaults to [eventName].
  • objects (required, list of strings): The valid event objects.
  • description (required, string): Description of the event and its semantics.
  • release_channel_collection (optional, string): This can be set to opt-in (default) or opt-out.
  • record_in_processes (required, list of strings): A list of processes the event can be recorded in. Currently supported values are:
    • main
    • content
    • gpu
    • all_child (record in all the child processes)
    • all (record in all the processes).
  • bug_numbers (required, list of numbers): A list of Bugzilla bug numbers that are relevant to this event.
  • notification_emails (required, list of strings): A list of emails of owners for this event. This is used for contact for data reviews and potentially to email alerts.
  • expiry: There are two properties that can specify expiry, at least one needs to be set:
    • expiry_version (string): The version number in which the event expires, e.g. "50", or "never". A version number of type “N” and “N.0” is automatically converted to “N.0a1” in order to expire the event also in the development channels. For events that never expire the value never can be used.
  • extra_keys (optional, object): An object that specifies valid keys for the extra argument and a description - see the example above.

The API

Public JS API

recordEvent()

Services.telemetry.recordEvent(category, method, object, value, extra);

Record a registered event.

  • value: Optional, may be null. A string value, limited to 80 bytes.
  • extra: Optional. An object with string keys & values. Key strings are limited to what was registered. Value strings are limited to 80 bytes.

Throws if the combination of category, method and object is unknown. Recording an expired event will not throw, but print a warning into the browser console.

Warning

Event Telemetry recording is designed to be cheap, not free. If you wish to record events in a performance-sensitive piece of code, store the events locally and record them only after the performance-sensitive piece (“hot path”) has completed.

Example:

Services.telemetry.recordEvent("ui", "click", "reload-btn");
// event: [543345, "ui", "click", "reload-btn"]
Services.telemetry.recordEvent("ui", "search", "search-bar", "google");
// event: [89438, "ui", "search", "search-bar", "google"]
Services.telemetry.recordEvent("ui", "completion", "search-bar", "yahoo",
                               {"querylen": "7", "results": "23"});
// event: [982134, "ui", "completion", "search-bar", "yahoo",
//           {"qerylen": "7", "results": "23"}]

setEventRecordingEnabled()

Services.telemetry.setEventRecordingEnabled(category, enabled);

Event recording is currently disabled by default. Privileged add-ons and Firefox code can enable & disable recording events for specific categories using this function.

Example:

Services.telemetry.setEventRecordingEnabled("ui", true);
// ... now events in the "ui" category will be recorded.
Services.telemetry.setEventRecordingEnabled("ui", false);
// ... now "ui" events will not be recorded anymore.

registerEvents()

Services.telemetry.registerEvents(category, eventData);

Register new events from add-ons.

  • category - (required, string) The category the events are in.
  • eventData - (required, object) An object of the form {eventName1: event1Data, ...}, where each events data is an object with the entries:
    • methods - (required, list of strings) The valid event methods.
    • objects - (required, list of strings) The valid event objects.
    • extra_keys - (optional, list of strings) The valid extra keys for the event.
    • record_on_release - (optional, bool)
    • expired - (optional, bool) Whether this event entry is expired. This allows recording it without error, but it will be discarded. Defaults to false.

For events recorded from add-ons, registration happens at runtime. Any new events must first be registered through this function before they can be recorded. The registered categories will automatically be enabled for recording.

After registration, the events can be recorded through the recordEvent() function. They will be submitted in the main pings payload under processes.dynamic.events.

New events registered here are subject to the same limitations as the ones registered through Events.yaml, although the naming was in parts updated to recent policy changes.

When add-ons are updated, they may re-register all of their events. In that case, any changes to events that are already registered are ignored. The only exception is expiry; an event that is re-registered with expired: true will not be recorded anymore.

Example:

Services.telemetry.registerEvents("myAddon.interaction", {
  "click": {
    methods: ["click"],
    objects: ["red_button", "blue_button"],
  }
});
// Now events can be recorded.
Services.telemetry.recordEvent("myAddon.interaction", "click", "red_button");

Internal API

Services.telemetry.snapshotEvents(dataset, clear);
Services.telemetry.clearEvents();

These functions are only supposed to be used by Telemetry internally or in tests.

Version History

  • Firefox 52: Initial event support (bug 1302663).

  • Firefox 53: Event recording disabled by default (bug 1329139).

  • Firefox 54: Added child process events (bug 1313326).

  • Firefox 56: Added support for recording new probes from add-ons (bug 1302681).

  • Firefox 58:

    • Ignore re-registering existing events for a category instead of failing (bug 1408975).
    • Removed support for the expiry_date property, as it was unused (bug 1414638).