Address Sanitizer (ASan) is a fast memory error detector that detects use-after-free and out-of-bound bugs in C/C++ programs. It uses a compile-time instrumentation to check all reads and writes during the execution. In addition, the runtime part replaces the malloc and free functions to check dynamically allocated memory.
Thread Sanitizer (TSan) is a fast data race detector for C/C++ programs. It uses a compile-time instrumentation to check all non-race-free memory access at runtime. Unlike other tools, it understands compiler-builtin atomics and synchronization and therefore provides very accurate results with no false positives (except if unsupported synchronization primitives like inline assembly or memory fences are used).
Memory Sanitizer (MSan) is a fast detector used for uninitialized memory in C/C++ programs. It uses a compile-time instrumentation to ensure that all memory access at runtime uses only memory that has been initialized.
ASan Nightly Project
The ASan Nightly Project involves building a Firefox Nightly browser with the popular AddressSanitizer tool and enhancing it with remote crash reporting capabilities for any errors detected.